Monthly Archives: April 2017

Landscape Photography

Landscape photography shows spaces within the world, sometimes vast and unending, but other times microscopic. Landscape photographs typically capture the presence of nature but can also focus on man-made features or disturbances of landscapes. Landscape photography is done for a variety of reasons. Perhaps the most common is to recall a personal observation or experience while in the outdoors, especially when traveling. Others pursue it particularly as an outdoor lifestyle, to be involved with nature and the elements, some as an escape from the artificial world. Many landscape photographs show little or no human activity and are created in the pursuit of a pure, unsullied depiction of nature, devoid of human influence—instead featuring subjects such as strongly defined landforms, weather, and ambient light. As with most forms of art, the definition of a landscape photograph is broad and may include rural or urban settings, industrial areas or nature photography.

Landscape photography typically requires relatively simple photographic equipment, though more sophisticated equipment can give a wider range of possibilities to the art. An artist’s eye for the subject can yield attractive and impressive results even with modest equipment.

  • Camera

Any ordinary (or sophisticated) camera — film camera or digital camera—can be readily used for common landscape photography. Higher-resolution and larger-format digital cameras (or larger-format film cameras) permit a greater amount of detail and a wider range of artistic presentation.However, a larger-format camera yields a more limited depth of field (range of the scene that is in focus) for a given aperture value, requiring greater care in focusing. A camera with “panorama” function or frame can permit very wide images suitable for capturing a panoramic view.

  • Lens

 Telephoto lenses can also facilitate limited ranges of focus, to enable the photographer to emphasize a specific area, at a fairly specific distance, in sharp focus, with the foreground and background blurred. A big difference between a wide-angles lens and a telephoto lens is the compression of the landscape; the wider the angle the more distance will appear between the foreground and background elements; however, a telephoto lens will make the same elements appear closer to each other. Other lenses that can help include the fisheye lens for extremely wide angles and dramatic effect, and the macro lens for extreme close-up work. While variable-range zoom lenses are widely used, some landscape photographers prefer fixed-range prime lenses to provide higher clarity and quality in the image.

  • Filters

    Neutral density filter demonstration. Photo taken with shutter speed 1/5 of a second and a focal length of 21mm. Filters can serve a wide range of purposes in landscape photography. For instance, a polarizing filter can darken the sky, while allowing surface features to be shown in relatively sharper clarity. Polarizing filters also help with cutting glare from water, snow and ice—even facilitating greater transparency of water and ice. Neutral density filters are darkened with a neutral (colorless) gray tint which reduces the amount of light entering the camera lens. These filters are used to lengthen shutter speeds without the need to alter aperture or film/sensor sensitivity, or alternatively, to use large apertures without exceeding the maximum shutter speed of a camera.

Awesome Yearbook Photos

A yearbook, also known as an annual, is a type of a book published annually to record, highlight, and commemorate the past year of a school. The term also refers to a book of statistics or facts published annually. Many high schools, colleges, and elementary and middle schools publish yearbooks; However, many schools are dropping yearbooks or decreasing page counts given social media alternatives to a mass-produced physical photographically-oriented record. Several pages are often used for pages chronicling activities undertaken by students, such as trips abroad, activity trips, sporting and other special events. This part of the book often covers students’ lives both inside and outside of the campus. Sometimes members of a yearbook write editorial and journalistic content about life as a student, current events (local, national, and international), and other matters of interest to the peer group.

Students may design yearbook pages themselves or use company-provided templates in most cases. In general, most yearbook pages are designed as double-page spreads and include several items:

  • Headline: Akn abbreviated sentence highlighting the content of the spread, usually involving word play along with factual information
  • Story/Copy: Staffs usually write short stories capturing the highlights of a specific department, sports season, organization, etc., from the past year. Often, yearbook staff members will either interview students, teachers and others for comments. Alternative story formats have gained popularity in recent times, allowing stories to be told in visual ways (graphs, charts, polls, timelines, etc.).
  • Photographs: Every spread that isn’t a portrait or an ad spread contains candid shots of students, suitable to the page’s topic and theme. Included with the photographs are one or more captions, which describe each picture; these often begin with a lead-in.

In the past, most yearbooks were laid out by hand, with photographs physically cropped and placed on layout boards. The work was tedious, and required multiple deadlines and contact with a yearbook publisher. Today, virtually all yearbooks are published using computers, which allows for shorter deadlines and easier editing. Students typically design pages using a desktop publishing program, usually Adobe InDesign. Some schools use a proprietary web-based design program belonging to the company that prints the book.

A digital yearbook or eYearbook is a yearbook holding memories of a given time with a given group of people—most commonly, a school year at a particular school—that exists in digital form. A digital yearbook may contain text, images, audio, and video. A digital yearbook page, also known as a dyp, makes an existing yearbook interactive using Portrait Recognition Technology. A mobile application and smartphone or tablet is used to scan a student’s portrait. Scanning the portrait will take the student to the Digital Yearbook Page. DYPs contain multimedia content archived throughout the school year. The DYP can also contain links with contact information.

Nothing says yearbook like getting up close and personal with your subjects. Yearbook photos offer a lot of opportunities for action shots, whether it’s a marching band, a sports team on the field, or a school event or fundraiser in full swing. To capture the most important and interesting elements of such scenes, be sure to get in close to the subjects. Physically move in close with your camera, so that you’re as near as possible for the shot. This technique adds a layer of realism to yearbooks that boosts their overall value.

Yearbooks are great opportunities to capture the emotion in students’ lives throughout the year. They’re a veritable track record of all the highs and lows that happen with school activities. Look for that emotion as a photographer, and go in and shoot it with aplomb. Get in close during that celebration when the school’s football team kicks the winning field goal. Similarly, also capture disappointing events, like players’ reactions when they lose a big game. This’ll add much-needed balance to a yearbook. The same thing goes for big events like graduations and dances. Capture the reactions of students as they go through various milestones in their school year and lives.

Wedding Photography Tips

A wedding is a special event that marks a vital transition in the life of lovers, and so documenting its proceedings should come with a great deal of care and accuracy. As a photographer, you need to understand how to work around different situations to offer the perfect shots during the amazing day. To prepare to give your clients the best, here are 15 tips you could embrace to perfect your skills in wedding photography.

1. Expect the unexpected

One of the things as a photographer you need to learn is that things could go wrong any time and this could in some way form the best moment. All you need to do is to embrace the event with an open mind and a flexible eye so as to capture moments as they come not as your fixed plan says you should do.

2. Have fun

A wedding is an event that is all about celebrating, so you should not be left behind while the rest will be enjoying themselves. Having fun allows you to be relaxed and this increases your confidence and accuracy level.

3. Set continuous shooting mode

Events proceed quickly at some point and this where you need to capture the drama as it unfolds. To achieve the goal easily, you should use continuous shooting mode, which allows you to capture as many photos as possible within a short time span.

4. Try group shots

Trying to capture every person in the wedding is also important as this gives a preview of the amount of frenzy present in the event, and it allows you to share the story better. You could do this by getting on a raised ground where you can easily capture every person in the venue.

5. Fill flash

During the day where there could be shadow, a little fill in flash comes in handy as it works out the clarity stolen by the differences in lighting on that day. You need to keep your flash attached to achieve this.

6. Get a little creative

Having a fixed perspective while shooting wedding photos could limit your effectiveness. You need to include some creativity by coming up with ideas like using different angles to create the dramatic and unexpected shots your photos should have.

7. Don’t delete your mistakes

Many photographers are tempted to discard their mistakes but this is also a mistake in itself. Images can be cropped to give a perfect photo, so not every image you feel is not perfect is useless.

8. Pay attention to your backgrounds

The biggest challenge about wedding photography is that you will have people moving about and you cannot control where they should be at any particular time. It is, therefore, advisable to time when your target is at an uncluttered background to create emphasis.

9. Do it RAW

Many people don’t prefer shooting in RAW because of the processing time, but gives you much more flexibility to manipulate the shots after taking. You are not assured to get the perfect lighting and this means you need to make manipulations to cater for your needs perfectly.

10. Apply diffused light

You also need to have the ability to diffuse light as this will help you when the light in the venue is too low. You can do this relatively easily with a diffuser.

11. Exude boldness

Being timid won’t give you the perfect shot and sometimes you need to be strong to capture a moment. Timing is vital and thinking ahead allows you to get the perfect position for key moments.

12. Invite a second photographer

You cannot be everywhere every time and this is the reason you need to work with someone else. With another photographer helping you, it becomes easy to focus on one area by minimizing movement.

13. Have two cameras

Hire or borrow an extra camera and make sure to use a different lens. This allows you to create diversity and come up with perfect shots for different moments.

14. Capture the tiniest details

It is the small details that are often ignored that create great memories. Focus on them to come up with photos that will hold value for many years.

15. Turn the sound off

You don’t want to disrupt with beeps amid speeches and important announcements, so just keep your camera in silent mode.

Color Theory for Photographers

However, in some cases, color can negatively impact an image as well, causing it to swim with details and appear distracting, or even unrealistic. While it may be a thin line to walk, being able to use color effectively can help you to take your photographs up a notch, allowing you to create compositions that are eye-catching and exciting. Developing an eye for color can take time, but it is something that’s worth pursuing with your photography. With this in mind, let’s take a look at color theory as well as some different ways that you can use color to bring out the best in your images. There is a lot to explore when it comes to color theory, and how it affects our images, but understanding the color wheel and how the different colors work together and complement each other is a great place to start. Different color combinations provoke different feelings and responses; with some color schemes working together much better than others.

By understanding how different colors work together, you’ll be able to see things differently, and get the most from the colors around you. Here’s a basic look at some different color combinations.

First, let’s look at analogous colors. These are the colors that are next to each other on the color wheel. An analogous color scheme can consist of anything from two colors on up to half the wheel. These colors – think blue and green – can often make for a pleasing and harmonious color combination. Complementary colors are shades that are located directly across from each other on the wheel. Think: blue and yellow or orange and green. These colors are complementary because they are said to work well together. Complementary combinations can create a high-contrast and vibrant look especially when used at full saturation. A split complementary color scheme takes two colors that are directly opposite, and another color that’s one of the complementary colors’ analogous color. This type of combination often works extremely well, helping to balance out an otherwise high-contrast color combination.

Triadic colors are three colors are equally spaced out from each other on the color wheel. This color scheme is very similar to split complementary colors. A quadratic color scheme is a combination of two complementary color harmonies on the color wheel. This grouping can also be called a double complementary scheme, because it is the combination of two complementary colors. Of course, there are many more combinations that you can use as well including monochrome colors, such as a black and white color scheme. Depending on the type of photography you are working with, the harmony of colors you choose to work with will vary. For instance, in most types of landscape photography it can be difficult to influence the resulting colors in a composition – although you do have some control over foreground elements that you may choose to include, such as brightly colored flowers – or the results of your image in post processing. In portrait photography, though, or when capturing macros, it can be easier to create specific color combinations.

When working with different color combinations, keep in mind that the brightness and saturation of different colors will impact the harmony of the resulting image. In most cases, you’ll want to pay close attention to the colors in the image that are bold or saturated as these are the ones that will generally attract the viewer’s attention. These colors work well for the subject or main focal point in an image. As you probably already know, different colors tend to convey very different moods in an image. Colors that are on the warm side of the wheel – such as red, orange, and yellow – often result in an image that feels in bold or energetic, while colors that are cooler – think: blues and greens – tend to convey feelings of calm and tranquility.